The following publications include results partly or entirely based on research carried out within the N3PDF project.


  • Richard D. Ball, Alessandro Candido, et al., Evidence for intrinsic charm quarks in the proton, [arXiv:2208.08372]
  • Richard D. Ball, Jon Butterworth, Amanda M. Cooper-Sarkar et al., The PDF4LHC21 combination of global PDF fits for the LHC Run III, [arXiv:2203.05506]
  • Stefano Camarda, Leandro Cieri, Giancarlo Ferrera, Jesús Urtasun Elizari, Higgs boson production at the LHC: fast and precise predictions in QCD at higher orders, [arXiv:2202.10343]


  • Stefano Carrazza, Juan Cruz-Martinez, Roy Stegeman, A data-based parametrization of parton distribution functions, [arXiv:2111.02954]
  • Richard D. Ball, Stefano Forte, Roy Stegeman, Correlation and combination of sets of parton distributions, [arXiv:2110.08274]
  • Richard D. Ball, Stefano Carrazza, Juan Cruz-Martinez, et al., The path to proton structure at one-percent accuracy, [arXiv:2109.02653]
  • Richard D. Ball, Stefano Carrazza, Juan Cruz-Martinez, et al., An open-source machine learning framework for global analyses of parton distributions, [arXiv:2109.02671]
  • Christopher Schwan, PineAPPL: NLO EW corrections for PDF processes, [arXiv:2108.05816]
  • Alessandro Candido, Stefano Forte, Felix Hekhorn, Can MS parton distributions be negative?, [arXiv:2108.10774]
  • Stefano Forte, Giovanni Ridolfi, Simone Rota, Threshold resummation of transverse momentum distributions beyond next-to-leading log, [arXiv:2106.11321]
  • Stefano Carrazza, Juan Cruz-Martinez, Marco Rossi, Marco Zaro, MadFlow: automating Monte Carlo simulation on GPU for particle physics processes, [arXiv:2106.10279]
  • Juan Cruz-Martinez, Stefano Forte, Emanuele R. Nocera, Future tests of parton distributions, [arXiv:2103.08606]
  • Stefano Carrazza, Juan Cruz-Martinez, Tanjona Rabemananjara, Compressing PDF sets using generative adversarial networks, [arXiv:2104.04535]


  • Stefano Carrazza, Juan Cruz-Martinez, Marco Rossi, PDFFlow: hardware accelerating parton density access, [arXiv:2012.08221]
  • Adrián Pérez-Salinas, Juan Cruz-Martinez, Abdulla A. Alhajri, Stefano Carrazza, Determining the proton content with a quantum computer, [arXiv:2011.13934]
  • Stefano Carrazza, Juan Cruz-Martinez, Christopher Schwan, Constructing PineAPPL grids on hardware accelerators, [arXiv:2009.11798]
  • Stefano Carrazza, Juan Cruz-Martinez, Marco Rossi, PDFFlow: parton distribution functions on GPU, [arXiv:2009.06635]
  • Stefano Forte, Stefano Carrazza, Parton distribution functions, [arXiv:2008.12305]
  • Stefano Carrazza, Emanuele R. Nocera, Christopher Schwan, Marco Zaro, PineAPPL: combining EW and QCD corrections for fast evalutation of LHC processes, [arXiv:2008.12789]
  • Alessandro Candido, Stefano Forte, Felix Hekhorn, Can MS parton distributions be negative?, [arXiv:2006.07377] [Springer – JHEP]
  • Rabah Abdul Khalek, Stefano Forte, Thomas Ghermann, Aude Gehrmann-De Ridder, Tommaso Giani, Phenomenology of NNLO jet production at the LHC and its impact on parton distributions, [arXiv:2005.11327]
  • Stefano Forte et al., Chapter II – Parton Distribution Functions in Les Houches 2019: Physics at TeV Colliders Standard Model Working Group
  • Stefano Carrazza, Juan Cruz-Martinez, VegasFlow: accelerating Monte Carlo simulation across multiple hardware platforms, [arXiv:2002.12921]
  • Hjalte Frellesvig, Kirill Kudashkin, Christopher Wever, Two-loop QCD-EW master integrals for Z plus jet production at large transverse momentum, [arXiv:2002.07776]
  • Stefano Forte, Zahari Kassabov, Why the strong coupling cannot be determined from hadronic processes without simultaneously determining the parton distributions, [arXiv:2001.04986]


  • Stefan Dittmaier, Gernot Knippen, Christopher Schwan, Next-to-leading.order QCD and electroweak corrections to triple-W production with leptonic decays at the LHC, [arXiv:1912.04117]
  • Roberto Bonciani, Federico Buccioni, Narayan Rana, Ilario Triscari, Alessandro Vicini, NNLO QCDXEW coorections to Z productions in the qq channel, [arXiv:1911.06200]
  • Stefano Carrazza, Frédéric A. Dreyer, Lund jet images from generative and cycle-consisten adversarial networks, [arXiv:1909.01359]
  • Stefano Carrazza, Juan Cruz-Martinez, Jesús Urtasun Elizari, Emilio Villa, Towards hardware acceleration for parton densities estimation, [arXiv:1909.10547]
  • Stefano Carrazza, Juan Cruz-Martinez, Towards a new generation of parton densities with deep learning models, [arXiv:1907.05075]
  • Ansgar Denner, Stefan Dittmaier, Mathieu Pellen, Christopher Schwan, Low-virtuality photon transitions, [arXiv:1907.02366]
  • Mauro Chiesa, Fulvio Piccinini, Alessandro Vicini, On the direct determination of sin2θeff at hadron colliders, [arXiv:1906.11569]
  • Rabah Abdul Khalek, Richard Ball, Stefano Carrazza, Stefano Forte, et al., Parton distributions with theory uncertainties: general formalism and first phenomenological studies, [arXiv:1906.10698]
  • Matteo Cacciari, Stefano Forte, Davide Napoletano, Gregory Soyez, Giovanni Stagnitto, Single-jet inclusive cross section and its definition, [arXiv:1906.11850]
  • Stefano Forte, Tommaso Giani, Davide Napoletano, Fitting the b-quark PDF as a massive-b scheme: Higgs production in bottom fusion, [arXiv:1905.02207]
  • Rabah Abdul Khalek, Richard D. Ball, Stefano Carrazza, Stefano Forte, Tommaso Giani, Zahari Kassabov, Emanuele R. Nocera, Rosalyn L. Pearson, Juan Rojo, Luca Rottoli, Maria Ubiali, Cameron Voisey, Michael Wilson, A first determination of parton distributions with theoretical uncertainties, [arXiv:1905.04311]
  • Stefano Carrazza, Celine Degrande, Shayan Iranipour, Juan Rojo, Maria Ubiali, Can new physics hide inside the proton?, [arXiv:1905.05215]
  • Ansgar Denner, Stefan Dittmaier, Philipp Malerhoefer, Mathieu Pellen Christopher Schwan, QCD and electroweak corrections to WZ scattering at the LHC, [arXiv:1904.00882]
  • Stefano Carrazza, Frédéric A. Dreyer, Jet grooming through reinforcement learning, Phys. Rev. D 100, 014014, 15/07/2019 [arXiv:1903.09644] DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.100.014014 


  • Stefano Carrazza, Nathan P. Hartland, Minimization strategies for the determination of parton density functions, J.Phys.Conf.Ser. 1085 (2018) no.5, 052007, DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1085/5/052007
  • Paolo Castelnovo, Massimo Florio, Stefano Forte, Lucio Rossi, Emanuela Sirtori, The economic impact of technological procurement for large-scale research infrastructures: Evidence from the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, Res.Policy, DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2018.06.018
  • Emanuele Bagnaschi, Fabio Maltoni, Alessandro Vicini, Marco Zaro, Lepton-pair in association with a bb pair and the determination of the W boson mass, JHEP 1807 (2018) 101, [arXiv:1803.04336], DOI: 10.1007/JHEP07(2018)101
  • Richard D. Ball, Stefano Carrazza, Luigi Del Debbio, Stefano Forte, Zahari Kassabov, Juan Rojo, Emma Slade, Maria Ubiali, Precision determination of the strong coupling constant within a global PDF analysis, Eur.Phys.J. C78 (2018) no.5, 408 [arXiv:1802.03398] INSPIRE HEP